States versus rewards: Dissociable neural prediction error signals underlying model-based and model-free reinforcement learning

Jan Gläscher, Nathaniel Daw, Peter Dayan, John P. O'Doherty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

562 Scopus citations

Abstract

Reinforcement learning (RL) uses sequential experience with situations (" states" ) and outcomes to assess actions. Whereas model-free RL uses this experience directly, in the form of a reward prediction error (RPE), model-based RL uses it indirectly, building a model of the state transition and outcome structure of the environment, and evaluating actions by searching this model. A state prediction error (SPE) plays a central role, reporting discrepancies between the current model and the observed state transitions. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging in humans solving a probabilistic Markov decision task, we found the neural signature of an SPE in the intraparietal sulcus and lateral prefrontal cortex, in addition to the previously well-characterized RPE in the ventral striatum. This finding supports the existence of two unique forms of learning signal in humans, which may form the basis of distinct computational strategies for guiding behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)585-595
Number of pages11
JournalNeuron
Volume66
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)

Keywords

  • Sysneuro

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'States versus rewards: Dissociable neural prediction error signals underlying model-based and model-free reinforcement learning'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this