## Abstract

We consider the set of connected surfaces in the 4-ball with boundary a fixed knot in the 3-sphere. We define the stabilization distance between two surfaces as the minimal (Formula presented.) such that we can get from one to the other using stabilizations and destabilizations through surfaces of genus at most (Formula presented.). Similarly, we consider a double-point distance between two surfaces of the same genus that is the minimum over all regular homotopies connecting the two surfaces of the maximal number of double points appearing in the homotopy. To many of the concordance invariants defined using Heegaard Floer homology, we construct an analogous invariant for a pair of surfaces. We show that these give lower bounds on the stabilization distance and the double-point distance. We compute our invariants for some pairs of deform-spun slice disks by proving a trace formula on the full infinity knot Floer complex, and by determining the action on knot Floer homology of an automorphism of the connected sum of a knot with itself that swaps the two summands. We use our invariants to find pairs of slice disks with arbitrarily large distance with respect to many of the metrics we consider in this paper. We also answer a slice-disk analog of Problem 1.105 (B) from Kirby's problem list by showing the existence of non-0-cobordant slice disks.

Original language | English (US) |
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Article number | e12338 |

Journal | Journal of Topology |

Volume | 17 |

Issue number | 2 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Jun 2024 |

## All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- Geometry and Topology