Sputtering of lithium and lithium compound films under deuterium and helium ion bombardment

L. Buzi, A. O. Nelson, Y. Yang, R. Kaita, P. S. Krstić, B. E. Koel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Conditioning of plasma facing components (PFCs) using lithium (Li) evaporation has shown to improve plasma performance in fusion devices by imposing low recycling boundary conditions. It is important to understand the retention and sputtering dynamics of deuterium (D) in Li and Li compound (Li[sbnd]O and Li[sbnd]C[sbnd]O) films to most efficiently make predictions on plasma performance. Energetic D 2 + incident on thin Li films is shown to readily form LiD leading to a lower Li sputtering yield than the sputtering yield of pure Li. Measured sputtering yields for thin LiD films agree with previous simulations and bulk erosion measurements. The He + sputtering yield of pure Li was 2–3 times higher than the sputtering yield of D 2 + on LiD. Incident 1000–1200 eV/D 2 + sputtered Li[sbnd]O films at a slower rate than D 2 + on LiD and Li[sbnd]C[sbnd]O films.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)411-415
Number of pages5
JournalNuclear Materials and Energy
StatePublished - May 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering


  • Deuterium retention
  • Lithium carbonate
  • Lithium deuteride
  • Sputtering
  • Thin films


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