Spinning dust emission: Effects of irregular grain shape, transient heating, and comparison with Wilkinson microwave anisotropy probe results

Thiem Hoang, A. Lazarian, B. T. Draine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

Planck is expected to answer crucial questions on the early universe, but it also provides further understanding on anomalous microwave emission. Electric dipole emission from spinning dust grains continues to be the favored interpretation of anomalous microwave emission. In this paper, we present a method to calculate the rotational emission from small grains of irregular shape with moments of inertia I 1 ≥ I 2 ≥ I 3. We show that a torque-free rotating irregular grain with a given angular momentum radiates at multiple frequency modes. The resulting spinning dust spectrum has peak frequency and emissivity increasing with the degree of grain shape irregularity, which is defined by I 1:I 2:I 3. We discuss how the orientation of the dipole moment in body coordinates affects the spinning dust spectrum for different regimes of internal thermal fluctuations. We show that the spinning dust emissivity for the case of strong thermal fluctuations is less sensitive to the orientation of than in the case of weak thermal fluctuations. We calculate spinning dust spectra for a range of gas density and dipole moment. The effect of compressible turbulence on spinning dust emission is investigated. We show that the emission in a turbulent medium increases by a factor from 1.2 to 1.4 relative to that in a uniform medium, as the sonic Mach number M s increases from 2 to 7. Finally, spinning dust parameters are constrained by fitting our improved model to five-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe cross-correlation foreground spectra, for both the Hα-correlated and 100-μm-correlated emission spectra.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number87
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume741
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 10 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Keywords

  • cosmic background radiation
  • diffuse radiation
  • dust, extinction
  • radiation mechanisms: non-thermal
  • radio continuum: ISM

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