Spin-Orbit-Induced Topological Flat Bands in Line and Split Graphs of Bipartite Lattices

Da Shuai Ma, Yuanfeng Xu, Christie S. Chiu, Nicolas Regnault, Andrew A. Houck, Zhida Song, B. Andrei Bernevig

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45 Scopus citations


Topological flat bands, such as the band in twisted bilayer graphene, are becoming a promising platform to study topics such as correlation physics, superconductivity, and transport. In this Letter, we introduce a generic approach to construct two-dimensional (2D) topological quasiflat bands from line graphs and split graphs of bipartite lattices. A line graph or split graph of a bipartite lattice exhibits a set of flat bands and a set of dispersive bands. The flat band connects to the dispersive bands through a degenerate state at some momentum. We find that, with spin-orbit coupling (SOC), the flat band becomes quasiflat and gapped from the dispersive bands. By studying a series of specific line graphs and split graphs of bipartite lattices, we find that (i) if the flat band (without SOC) has inversion or C2 symmetry and is nondegenerate, then the resulting quasiflat band must be topologically nontrivial, and (ii) if the flat band (without SOC) is degenerate, then there exists a SOC potential such that the resulting quasiflat band is topologically nontrivial. This generic mechanism serves as a paradigm for finding topological quasiflat bands in 2D crystalline materials and metamaterials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number266403
JournalPhysical review letters
Issue number26
StatePublished - Dec 31 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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