SPIN-ORBIT ALIGNMENT of EXOPLANET SYSTEMS: ENSEMBLE ANALYSIS USING ASTEROSEISMOLOGY

T. L. Campante, M. N. Lund, J. S. Kuszlewicz, G. R. Davies, W. J. Chaplin, S. Albrecht, J. N. Winn, T. R. Bedding, O. Benomar, D. Bossini, R. Handberg, A. R.G. Santos, V. Van Eylen, S. Basu, J. Christensen-Dalsgaard, Y. P. Elsworth, S. Hekker, T. Hirano, D. Huber, C. KaroffH. Kjeldsen, M. S. Lundkvist, T. S.H. North, V. Silva Aguirre, D. Stello, T. R. White

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

The angle ψ between a planet's orbital axis and the spin axis of its parent star is an important diagnostic of planet formation, migration, and tidal evolution. We seek empirical constraints on ψ by measuring the stellar inclination is via asteroseismology for an ensemble of 25 solar-type hosts observed with NASA's Kepler satellite. Our results for is are consistent with alignment at the 2σ level for all stars in the sample, meaning that the system surrounding the red-giant star Kepler-56 remains as the only unambiguous misaligned multiple-planet system detected to date. The availability of a measurement of the projected spin-orbit angle λ for two of the systems allows us to estimate ψ. We find that the orbit of the hot Jupiter HAT-P-7b is likely to be retrograde, (ψ=116.4-14.7+30.2)whereas that of Kepler-25c seems to be well aligned with the stellar spin axis (ψ12.6-11.0+6.7). While the latter result is in apparent contradiction with a statement made previously in the literature that the multi-transiting system Kepler-25 is misaligned, we show that the results are consistent, given the large associated uncertainties. Finally, we perform a hierarchical Bayesian analysis based on the asteroseismic sample in order to recover the underlying distribution of ψ. The ensemble analysis suggests that the directions of the stellar spin and planetary orbital axes are correlated, as conveyed by a tendency of the host stars to display large values of inclination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number85
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume819
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Keywords

  • asteroseismology
  • methods: statistical
  • planetary systems
  • planets and satellites: general
  • stars: solar-type
  • techniques: photometric

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    Campante, T. L., Lund, M. N., Kuszlewicz, J. S., Davies, G. R., Chaplin, W. J., Albrecht, S., Winn, J. N., Bedding, T. R., Benomar, O., Bossini, D., Handberg, R., Santos, A. R. G., Van Eylen, V., Basu, S., Christensen-Dalsgaard, J., Elsworth, Y. P., Hekker, S., Hirano, T., Huber, D., ... White, T. R. (2016). SPIN-ORBIT ALIGNMENT of EXOPLANET SYSTEMS: ENSEMBLE ANALYSIS USING ASTEROSEISMOLOGY. Astrophysical Journal, 819(1), [85]. https://doi.org/10.3847/0004-637X/819/1/85