Spin Digitizer for High-Fidelity Readout of a Cavity-Coupled Silicon Triple Quantum Dot

F. Borjans, X. Mi, J. R. Petta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


An important requirement for spin-based quantum information processing is reliable and fast readout of electron spin states, allowing for feedback and error correction. However, common readout techniques often require additional gate structures, hindering device scaling, or impose stringent constraints on the tuning configuration of the sensed quantum dots. Here, we operate an in-line charge sensor within a triple quantum dot, where one of the dots is coupled to a microwave cavity and used to readout the charge states of the other two dots. Owing to the proximity of the charge sensor, we observe a near-digital sensor response with a power signal-to-noise ratio greater than 450 at an integration time of tint=1μs. Despite small singlet-triplet splittings of approximately 40 μeV, we further utilize the sensor to measure the spin relaxation time of a singlet-triplet qubit, achieving an average single-shot spin readout fidelity greater than 99%. Our approach enables high-fidelity spin readout, combining minimal device overhead with flexible qubit operation in semiconductor quantum devices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number044052
JournalPhysical Review Applied
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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