We study the operators in the large N tensor models, focusing mostly on the fermionic quantum mechanics with O(N)3 symmetry which may be either global or gauged. In the model with global symmetry, we study the spectra of bilinear operators, which are in either the symmetric traceless or the antisymmetric representation of one of the O(N) groups. In the symmetric traceless case, the spectrum of scaling dimensions is the same as in the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev (SYK) model with real fermions; it includes the h=2 zero mode. For the operators antisymmetric in the two indices, the scaling dimensions are the same as in the additional sector found in the complex tensor and SYK models; the lowest h=0 eigenvalue corresponds to the conserved O(N) charges. A class of singlet operators may be constructed from contracted combinations of m symmetric traceless or antisymmetric two-particle operators. Their two-point functions receive contributions from m melonic ladders. Such multiple ladders are a new phenomenon in the tensor model, which does not seem to be present in the SYK model. The more typical 2k-particle operators do not receive any ladder corrections and have quantized large N scaling dimensions k/2. We construct pictorial representations of various singlet operators with low k. For larger k, we use available techniques to count the operators and show that their number grows as 2kk!. As a consequence, the theory has a Hagedorn phase transition at the temperature which approaches zero in the large N limit. We also study the large N spectrum of low-lying operators in the Gurau-Witten model, which has O(N)6 symmetry. We argue that it corresponds to one of the generalized SYK models constructed by Gross and Rosenhaus. Our paper also includes studies of the invariants in large N tensor integrals with various symmetries.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)