Spatiotemporal spread of perturbations in power-law models at low temperatures: Exact results for classical out-of-time-order correlators

Bhanu Kiran S, David A. Huse, Manas Kulkarni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We present exact results for the classical version of the out-of-time-order commutator (OTOC) for a family of power-law models consisting of N particles in one dimension and confined by an external harmonic potential. These particles are interacting via power-law interaction of the form ∝∑_{i,j=1(i≠j)}^{N}|x_{i}-x_{j}|^{-k}∀k>1 where x_{i} is the position of the ith particle. We present numerical results for the OTOC for finite N at low temperatures and short enough times so that the system is well approximated by the linearized dynamics around the many-body ground state. In the large-N limit, we compute the ground-state dispersion relation in the absence of external harmonic potential exactly and use it to arrive at analytical results for OTOC. We find excellent agreement between our analytical results and the numerics. We further obtain analytical results in the limit where only linear and leading nonlinear (in momentum) terms in the dispersion relation are included. The resulting OTOC is in agreement with numerics in the vicinity of the edge of the "light cone." We find remarkably distinct features in OTOC below and above k=3 in terms of going from non-Airy behavior (1<k<3) to an Airy universality class (k>3). We present certain additional rich features for the case k=2 that stem from the underlying integrability of the Calogero-Moser model. We present a field theory approach that also assists in understanding certain aspects of OTOC such as the sound speed. Our findings are a step forward towards a more general understanding of the spatiotemporal spread of perturbations in long-range interacting systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)44117
Number of pages1
JournalPhysical review. E
Volume104
Issue number4-1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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