Spatio-temporal Modeling for Large-scale Vehicular Networks Using Graph Convolutional Networks

Juntong Liu, Yong Xiao, Yingyu Li, Guangming Shi, Walid Saad, H. Vincent Poor

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The effective deployment of connected vehicular networks is contingent upon maintaining a desired performance across spatial and temporal domains. In this paper, a graph-based framework, called SMART, is proposed to model and keep track of the spatial and temporal statistics of vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) communication latency across a large geographical area. SMART first formulates the spatio-temporal performance of a vehicular network as a graph in which each vertex corresponds to a subregion consisting of a set of neighboring location points with similar statistical features of V2I latency and each edge represents the spatio-correlation between latency statistics of two connected vertices. Motivated by the observation that the complete temporal and spatial latency performance of a vehicular network can be reconstructed from a limited number of vertices and edge relations, we develop a graph reconstruction-based approach using a graph convolutional network integrated with a deep Q-networks algorithm in order to capture the spatial and temporal statistic of feature map pf latency performance for a large-scale vehicular network. Extensive simulations have been conducted based on a five-month latency measurement study on a commercial LTE network. Our results show that the proposed method can significantly improve both the accuracy and efficiency for modeling and reconstructing the latency performance of large vehicular networks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationICC 2021 - IEEE International Conference on Communications, Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781728171227
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2021
Externally publishedYes
Event2021 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2021 - Virtual, Online, Canada
Duration: Jun 14 2021Jun 23 2021

Publication series

NameIEEE International Conference on Communications
ISSN (Print)1550-3607

Conference

Conference2021 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2021
Country/TerritoryCanada
CityVirtual, Online
Period6/14/216/23/21

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Keywords

  • deep Q-networks
  • Graph Convolutional Networks
  • latency modeling
  • Spatio-temporal modeling

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