Microfluorometric imaging was used to study the correlation of intracellular calcium concentration with voltage-dependent electrical activity in guinea pig cerebellar Purkinje cells. The spatiotemporal dynamics of intracellular calcium concentration are demonstrated during spontaneous and evoked activity. The results are in agreement with hypotheses of dendritic segregation of calcium conductances suggested by electrophysiological experiments. These in vitro slice fluorescence imaging methods are applicable to a wide range of problems in central nervous system biochemical and electrophysiological functions.
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