Spatial deformation of many-body quantum chaotic systems and quantum information scrambling

Kanato Goto, Taozhi Guo, Tomoki Nosaka, Masahiro Nozaki, Shinsei Ryu, Kotaro Tamaoka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We numerically study the effect of spatial inhomogeneity on quantum information scrambling, a process of spreading and locally hiding quantum information in quantum many-body systems. As a paradigmatic example, we consider the quantum chaotic Ising spin chain and its inhomogeneous counterpart that is obtained by modulating the Hamiltonian density. Specifically, we consider the so-called Möbius and sine-square deformations that were previously studied in the context of (1+1)-dimensional conformal field theories (1+1 d CFTs). In the spatial region where the modulated energy density is small, these deformations prevent the spreading of quantum information while in the region where the modulated energy density is large quantum information scrambling is accelerated. This suggests that we can control the scrambling and butterfly effect by spatially modulating the Hamiltonian density. We also find that the time dependence of energy density exhibits the signature of black-hole-like excitation found in the 1+1 d CFTs even in the chaotic spin chain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number054301
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume109
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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