We study the nonequilibrium steady-state of interacting photons in cavity arrays as described by the driven-dissipative Bose-Hubbard and spin-1/2 XY model. For this purpose, we develop a self-consistent expansion in the inverse coordination number of the array () to solve the Lindblad master equation of these systems beyond the mean-field approximation. Our formalism is compared and benchmarked with exact numerical methods for small systems based on an exact diagonalization of the Liouvillian and a recently developed corner-space renormalization technique. We then apply this method to obtain insights beyond mean-field in two particular settings: (i) we show that the gas-liquid transition in the driven-dissipative Bose-Hubbard model is characterized by large density fluctuations and bunched photon statistics. (ii) We study the antibunching-bunching transition of the nearest-neighbor correlator in the driven-dissipative spin-1/2 XY model and provide a simple explanation of this phenomenon.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- cavity QED
- cavity arrays
- circuit QED
- many-body physics with photons
- quantum simulations