Molecular-based approaches might be misleading for assessing the 'potential importance' of possible reservoirs for parasites unless used in conjunction with population dynamics and ecological studies that provide an understanding of the linkages between the enzootic transmission cycle (in wild animals) and that in domestic animals. Better understanding of ecological constraints on Leishmania transmission is needed to assess fully the passage of the parasite between its sandfly vector and different mammalian host species. We use a straightforward mathematical framework to illustrate that misuse of association patterns, as guidance for implementation of control measures, can in fact increase the endemism of leishmaniasis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Infectious Diseases