Source selection for cluster weak lensing measurements in the Hyper Suprime-Cam survey

Elinor Medezinski, Masamune Oguri, Atsushi J. Nishizawa, Joshua S. Speagle, Hironao Miyatake, Keiichi Umetsu, Alexie Leauthaud, Ryoma Murata, Rachel Mandelbaum, Cristóbal Sifón, Michael A. Strauss, Song Huang, Melanie Simet, Nobuhiro Okabe, Masayuki Tanaka, Yutaka Komiyama

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18 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present optimized source galaxy selection schemes for measuring cluster weak lensing (WL)mass profiles unaffected by clustermember dilution from the Subaru Hyper Suprime-Cam Strategic Survey Program (HSC-SSP). The ongoing HSC-SSP survey will uncover thousands of galaxy clusters to z ≤ 1.5. In deriving cluster masses viaWL, a critical source of systematics is contamination and dilution of the lensing signal by cluster members, and by foreground galaxies whose photometric redshifts are biased. Using the first-year CAMIRA catalog of ~900 clusters with richness larger than 20 found in ~140 deg 2 of HSC-SSP data, we devise and compare several source selection methods, including selection in color-color space (CC-cut), and selection of robust photometric redshifts by applying constraints on their cumulative probability distribution function (P-cut). We examine the dependence of the contamination on the chosen limits adopted for eachmethod. Using the proper limits, these methods give mass profiles with minimal dilution in agreement with one another. We find that not adopting either the CC-cut or P-cut methods results in an underestimation of the total cluster mass (13% ± 4%) and the concentration of the profile (24% ± 11%). The level of cluster contamination can reach as high as ~10% at R ≈ 0.24 Mpc/h for low-z clusters without cuts, while employing either the P-cut or CC-cut results in cluster contamination consistent with zero to within the 0.5% uncertainties. Our robustmethods yield a ~60 σ detection of the stacked CAMIRA surface mass density profile, with a mean mass of M 200c = [1.67 ± 0.05(stat)] × 10 14 M/h.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number30
JournalPublications of the Astronomical Society of Japan
Volume70
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Keywords

  • Clusters
  • Dark matter-galaxies
  • General-gravitational lensing
  • Weak

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    Medezinski, E., Oguri, M., Nishizawa, A. J., Speagle, J. S., Miyatake, H., Umetsu, K., Leauthaud, A., Murata, R., Mandelbaum, R., Sifón, C., Strauss, M. A., Huang, S., Simet, M., Okabe, N., Tanaka, M., & Komiyama, Y. (2018). Source selection for cluster weak lensing measurements in the Hyper Suprime-Cam survey. Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan, 70(2), [30]. https://doi.org/10.1093/pasj/psy009