Some Recent Findings on Marble Conservation by Aqueous Solutions of Diammonium Hydrogen Phosphate

Enrico Sassoni, Gabriela Graziani, Elisa Franzoni, George W. Scherer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Given the lack of satisfying treatments for consolidating marble affected by thermally induced grain detachment (the so-called sugaring), the use of aqueous solutions of diammonium hydrogen phosphate (DAP) has recently been proposed. The idea is to form a new binding mineral (hydroxyapatite, HAP) as the reaction product between the DAP solution and the calcitic substrate. In this study, we investigated the effects of adding small quantities of ethanol (EtOH) to the DAP solution, with the aim of favoring HAP formation. The results of the study indicate that, when a 0.1 M DAP and 0.1 mM CaCl2 solution in 10 vol% EtOH is used, complete coverage of marble surface with a crack-free coating with reduced porosity is achieved (whereas no coating is formed without EtOH addition). This is thought to be a consequence of the weakening of hydration shells of phosphate ions in the DAP solution, thanks to the presence of ethanol molecules. When used to restore mechanical properties of weathered marble, the treatment with 10 vol% EtOH was found to significantly improve the dynamic elastic modulus after a single application and to completely restore it after a second application.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2021-2026
Number of pages6
JournalMRS Advances
Volume2
Issue number37-38
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Keywords

  • adhesion
  • coating
  • ethanol

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