Some matrix rearrangement inequalities

Eric Carlen, Elliott H. Lieb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


We investigate a rearrangement inequality for pairs of n×n matrices: Let ∥A∥p denote (Tr(A* A) p/2)1/p , the C p trace norm of an n×n matrix A. Consider the quantity ∥A+B∥pp+∥A-B∥pp. Under certain positivity conditions, we show that this is nonincreasing for a natural "rearrangement" of the matrices A and B when 1≤ p ≤ 2. We conjecture that this is true in general, without any restrictions on A and B. Were this the case, it would prove the analog of Hanner's inequality for L p function spaces, and would show that the unit ball in C p has the exact same moduli of smoothness and convexity as does the unit ball in L p for all 1<p<∞. At present this is known to be the case only for 1<p≤4/3, p=2, and p ≥4. Several other rearrangement inequalities that are of interest in their own right are proved as the lemmas used in proving the main results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S315-S324
JournalAnnali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata
Issue numberSUPPL. 5
StatePublished - Jan 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Applied Mathematics


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