A method of solvent-enhanced dye diffusion in polymer films for organic light-emitting diode (OLED) application is introduced. After an initial dye transfer from a dye source substrate into the top of the electractive polymer film, the device substrate is then exposed to solvent vapor. Due to solvent absorption by the polymer film, the glass transition temperature of the polymer is significantly decreased, which leads to greatly enhanced diffusion of the dye in the polymer film. Secondary ion mass spectroscopy shows that the temperature for dye diffusion can be decreased by 150 °C. OLEDs with 0.4% external quantum efficiency were demonstrated. The materials used are the polymer poly(9-vinylcarbazole) (PVK) combined with electron transport molecules (PBD), and the dyes coumarin 47, coumarin 6 and Nile red.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Materials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings|
|State||Published - Dec 1 2001|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials