Solution-phase synthesis and magnetic properties of single-crystal iron germanide nanostructures

Dimitri D. Vaughn, Du Sun, Jarrett A. Moyer, Adam J. Biacchi, Rajiv Misra, Peter Schiffer, Raymond E. Schaak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Iron-germanium (Fe-Ge) is a complex alloy system that includes several structurally and compositionally diverse phases that exhibit a range of interesting magnetic properties that can change significantly when reduced to nanoscale dimensions. Fe-Ge nanostructures have been synthesized using chemical and physical deposition methods but have not previously been accessible as solution-synthesized colloidal materials. Here, we show that colloidal Fe-Ge nanostructures can be synthesized via the hot injection of an oleylamine solution of Fe(CO)5 into a solution containing GeI4, oleylamine, oleic acid, and hexamethyldisilazane. This approach effectively merges recent advances in the synthesis of colloidal Ge nanocrystals with methods routinely used to synthesize metal and alloy nanoparticles. At 260 C, spherical nanocrystals of Ni2In-type Fe3Ge2 form. Heating the solution at 300 C transforms the spherical Fe 3Ge2 nanocrystals into CoGe-type FeGe nanowires. The Fe3Ge2 nanocrystals are ferromagnetic with Tc ≈ 265 K, whereas the FeGe nanowires are only weakly magnetic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4396-4401
Number of pages6
JournalChemistry of Materials
Issue number21
StatePublished - Nov 12 2013
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


  • colloidal nanoparticle synthesis
  • iron germanium
  • magnetic nanocrystals
  • metal germanide alloys
  • nanocrystals
  • nanowires


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