Enhanced solubilization of naphthalene, phenanthrene, and pyrene in micellar solutions of Triton X-100 was studied for single compounds and their binary and ternary mixtures. Experimental results were obtained for the following conditions: (i) naphthalene, phenanthrene, and pyrene as single compounds at saturation; (ii) naphthalene, phenanthrene, and pyrene as binary and ternary mixtures at saturation; (iii) phenanthrene at saturation in a range of naphthalene concentrations; (iv) pyrene at saturation in a range of naphthalene concentrations. The solubility enhancement of naphthalene was slightly reduced in the presence of phenanthrene and/or pyrene. A synergistic effect on the solubilization of phenanthrene was observed in the presence of different amounts of naphthalene. The solubility of phenanthrene was greatly enhanced in both binary mixtures and in the ternary mixture. The solubility of pyrene was slightly reduced in the presence of naphthalene, remained unaffected in the presence of phenanthrene, and increased significantly in the ternary mixture. The increase in the partition coefficient values is explained by the partitioning of the solubilzate at the micellar core-water interface, which changes the interfacial free energy and effectively increases the volume of the core leading to a higher solubilization potential.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Chemistry