Solid residues (biochar, bottom ash, fly ash,. ..)

Elsa Weiss-Hortala, Anthony Chesnaud, Laurène Haurie, Nathalie Lyczko, Rajesh Munirathinam, Ange Nzihou, Séverine Patry, Doan Pham Minh, Claire E. White

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Solid co-products from biochemical, chemical and thermochemical processes of biomass and biowaste have gained momentum in utilization as secondary raw materials. These solids are carbon-based or mineral-based materials, and for their suitable use in a number of fields, various properties should be determined. This chapter addresses advanced techniques used to determine physical and chemical properties of these solid residues. For each technique, the basics and protocols are described. Post-treatment procedures and interpretation of the results obtained are also provided for some residues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHandbook on Characterization of Biomass, Biowaste and Related By-products
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages81
ISBN (Electronic)9783030350208
ISBN (Print)9783030350192
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • General Chemistry
  • General Environmental Science
  • General Chemical Engineering


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