Solar energetic particle heavy ion properties in the widespread event of 2020 November 29

G. M. Mason, C. M.S. Cohen, G. C. Ho, D. G. Mitchell, R. C. Allen, M. E. Hill, G. B. Andrews, L. Berger, S. Boden, S. Böttcher, I. Cernuda, E. R. Christian, A. C. Cummings, A. J. Davis, M. I. Desai, G. A. De Nolfo, S. Eldrum, R. Elftmann, A. Kollhoff, J. GiacaloneR. Gómez-Herrero, J. Hayes, N. P. Janitzek, C. J. Joyce, A. Korth, P. Kühl, S. R. Kulkarni, A. W. Labrador, F. Espinosa Lara, W. J. Lees, R. A. Leske, U. Mall, C. Martin, A. Martínez Hellín, W. H. Matthaeus, D. J. Mccomas, R. L. Mcnutt, R. A. Mewaldt, J. G. Mitchell, D. Pacheco, P. Parra Espada, M. Prieto, J. S. Rankin, A. Ravanbakhsh, J. Rodríguez-Pacheco, O. Rodríguez Polo, E. C. Roelof, S. Sánchez-Prieto, C. E. Schlemm, N. A. Schwadron, H. Seifert, E. C. Stone, J. R. Szalay, J. C. Terasa, K. Tyagi, J. L. Freiherr Von Forstner, M. E. Wiedenbeck, R. F. Wimmer-Schweingruber, Z. G. Xu, M. Yedla

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Context. Following a multi-year minimum of solar activity, a solar energetic particle event on 2020 Nov. 29 was observed by multiple spacecraft covering a wide range of solar longitudes including ACE, the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory-A, and the recently launched Parker Solar Probe and Solar Orbiter. Aims. Multi-point observations of a solar particle event, combined with remote-sensing imaging of flaring, shocks, and coronal mass ejections allows for a global picture of the event to be synthesized, and made available to the modeling community to test, constrain, and refine models of particle acceleration and transport according to such parameters as shock geometries and particle mass-to-charge ratios. Methods. Detailed measurements of heavy ion intensities, time dependence, fluences, and spectral slopes provided the required test data for this study. Results. The heavy ion abundances, timing, and spectral forms for this event fall well within the range found in prior surveys at 1 au. The spectra were well fitted by broken power law shapes; the Fe/O ratio was somewhat lower than the average of other events. In addition, 3He/4He was very low, with only the upper limits established here.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberL12
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
StatePublished - Dec 1 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


  • Acceleration of particles
  • Sun: abundances
  • Sun: flares
  • Sun: particle emission


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