Socioeconomic status and biological markers of health: An examination of adults in the United States and Taiwan

Jennifer C. Cornman, Dana A. Glei, Noreen Goldman, Carol D. Ryff, Maxine Weinstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Objective: The study documents whether socioeconomic status (SES) differentials in biological risk are more widely observed and larger in the United States than Taiwan. Method: Data come from the Social Environment and Biomarkers of Aging Study in Taiwan and the Midlife in the United States study. We use regression analyses to test whether four summary measures of biological risk are significantly related to categorical measures of education, income, and subjective social status among four country-sex-specific subgroups. Results: Physiological dysregulation is significantly, negatively related to SES in both the United States and Taiwan, especially for males. The prevalence and magnitude of the relationships are similar in the two countries: 12 of 24 possible SES-biological summary score relationships are significant in the United States and 11 of 24 are significant in Taiwan. Discussion: Overall, SES differentials in biological risk do not appear to be more widely observed or larger in the United States than in Taiwan.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)75-102
Number of pages28
JournalJournal of Aging and Health
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 19 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies
  • Sociology and Political Science


  • Taiwan
  • United States
  • biological markers
  • physiological dysregulation
  • socioeconomic status


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