Social Behavior

Daniel Ian Rubenstein, Dustin R. Rubenstein

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

6 Scopus citations


Social behavior characterizes the interactions that occur among individuals. These can be aggressive, mutualistic, cooperative, altruistic, and parental. When individuals interact repeatedly, social relationships develop and these can form among strangers, relatives, members of the same or opposite sex, and members of the same or different generations. Sets of consistent social relationships produce social systems or social organizations that can be variations on monogamous or polygamous themes of reproduction and involve various types of helpers in cooperative relationships. The nature of any social system is ultimately determined by ecological and social circumstances, demography, and kinship.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Biodiversity
Subtitle of host publicationSecond Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9780123847195
ISBN (Print)9780123847201
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology


  • Altruism
  • Cooperation
  • Cooperative breeding
  • Group living
  • Kinship
  • Mating systems
  • Monogamy
  • Mutualism
  • Parental care
  • Polyandry
  • Polygyny
  • Promiscuity
  • Reciprocity
  • Reproduction
  • Sex
  • Sex ratio
  • Social organization
  • Social systems
  • Sociality


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