Smart materials systems through mesoscale patterning

Ilhan A. Aksay, John Taylor Groves, Sol M. Gruner, P. C. Lee, Robert Krafft Prud'homme, Wei Heng Shih, Salvatore Torquato, George M. Whitesides

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

14 Scopus citations


We report work on the fabrication of smart materials with two unique strategies: (1) self-assembly and (2) laser stereolithography. Both methods are akin to the processes used by biological systems. The first one is ideal for pattern development and the fabrication of miniaturized units in the submicron range and the second one in the 10 micrometer to 1 mm size range. By using these miniaturized units as building blocks, one can also produce smart material systems that can be used at larger length scales such as smart structural components. We have chosen to focus on two novel piezoceramic systems: (1) high-displacement piezoelectric actuators, and (2) piezoceramic hydrophone composites possessing negative Poisson ratio matrices. High-displacement actuators are essential in such applications as linear motors, pumps, switches, loud speakers, variable-focus mirrors, and laser deflectors. Arrays of such units can potentially be used for active vibration control of helicopter rotors as well as the fabrication of adaptive rotors. In the case of piezoceramic hydrophone composites, we utilize matrices having a negative Poisson's ratio in order to produce highly sensitive, miniaturized sensors. We envision such devices having promising new application areas such as the implantation of hydrophones in small blood vessels to monitor blood pressure. Negative Poisson ratio materials have promise as robust shock absorbers, air filters, and fasteners, and hence, can be used in aircraft and land vehicles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
PublisherSociety of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers
Number of pages12
ISBN (Print)0819420913, 9780819420916
StatePublished - 1996
EventSmart Materials Technologies and Biomimetics - San Diego, CA, USA
Duration: Feb 26 1996Mar 2 1996


OtherSmart Materials Technologies and Biomimetics
CitySan Diego, CA, USA

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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