Single-photon all-optical switching using waveguide-cavity quantum electrodynamics

Peter Bermel, Alejandro Rodriguez, Steven G. Johnson, John D. Joannopoulos, Marin Soljačić

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

101 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper demonstrates switching of a single signal photon by a single gating photon of a different frequency, via a cross-phase-modulation. This effect is mediated by materials exhibiting electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT), which are embedded in photonic crystals (PhCs). An analytical model based on waveguide-cavity QED is constructed for our system, which consists of a PhC waveguide and a PhC microcavity containing a four-level EIT atom. It is solved exactly and analyzed using experimentally accessible parameters. It is found that the strong coupling regime is required for lossless two-photon quantum entanglement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number043818
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Volume74
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 31 2006
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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