Single phonon detection for dark matter via quantum evaporation and sensing of He 3

S. A. Lyon, Kyle Castoria, Ethan Kleinbaum, Zhihao Qin, Arun Persaud, Thomas Schenkel, Kathryn M. Zurek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Dark matter is five times more abundant than ordinary visible matter in our Universe. While laboratory searches hunting for dark matter have traditionally focused on the electroweak scale, theories of low mass hidden sectors motivate new detection techniques. Extending these searches to lower mass ranges, well below 1 GeV/c2, poses new challenges as rare interactions with standard model matter transfer progressively less energy to electrons and nuclei in detectors. Here, we propose an approach based on phonon-assisted quantum evaporation combined with quantum sensors for detection of desorption events via tracking of spin coherence. The intent of our proposed dark matter sensors is to extend the parameter space to energy transfers in rare interactions to as low as a few meV for detection of dark matter particles in the keV/c2 mass range.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number023010
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 15 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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