### Abstract

We present the first single pass algorithm for computing spectral sparsifiers for graphs in the dynamic semi-streaming model. Given a single pass over a stream containing insertions and deletions of edges to a graph G, our algorithm maintains a randomized linear sketch of the incidence matrix of G into dimension O(1/ϵ^{2} n polylog(n)). Using this sketch, at any point, the algorithm can output a (1 ± ϵ) spectral sparsifier for G with high probability. While O( 1/ϵ^{2} n polylog(n)) space algorithms are known for computing cut sparsifiers in dynamic streams [K. J. Ahn, S. Guha, and A. McGregor, in Proceedings of the 31st ACM Symposium on Principles of Database Systems, 2012, pp. 5-14; A. Goel, M. Kapralov, and I. Post, arXiv:1203.4900, 2002] and spectral sparsifiers in insertion-only streams [J. A. Kelner and A. Levin, Theory Comput. Syst., 53 (2013), pp. 243-262], prior to our work, the best known single pass algorithm for maintaining spectral sparsifiers in dynamic streams required sketches of dimension ω (1/ϵ^{2} n^{5/3}) [K. J. Ahn, S. Guha, and A. McGregor, in Proceedings of the 16th International Workshop on Approximation Algorithms for Combinatorial Optimization Problems, 2013, pp. 1-10]. To achieve our result, we show that using a coarse sparsifier for G and a linear sketch of G's incidence matrix, it is possible to sample edges by effective resistance, obtaining a spectral sparsifier of arbitrary precision. Sampling from the sketch requires a novel application of l_{2}=l_{2} sparse recovery, a natural extension of the l_{0} methods used for cut sparsifiers in [K. J. Ahn, S. Guha, and A. McGregor, in Proceedings of the 31st ACM Symposium on Principles of Database Systems, 2012, pp. 5-14]. Recent work on row sampling for matrix approximation gives a recursive approach for obtaining the required coarse sparsifiers [G. L. Miller and R. Peng, arXiv:1211.2713v1, 2012]. Under certain restrictions, our approach also extends to the problem of maintaining a spectral approximation for a general matrix A^{T} A given a stream of updates to rows in A.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 456-477 |

Number of pages | 22 |

Journal | SIAM Journal on Computing |

Volume | 46 |

Issue number | 1 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Jan 1 2017 |

### All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- Computer Science(all)
- Mathematics(all)

### Keywords

- Graph sketch
- Linear sketch
- Sparse recovery
- Spectral sparsification
- Streaming

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## Cite this

*SIAM Journal on Computing*,

*46*(1), 456-477. https://doi.org/10.1137/141002281