Single motherhood, living arrangements, and time with children in Japan

James M. Raymo, Hyunjoon Park, Miho Iwasawa, Yanfei Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


The authors examined relationships between single parenthood and mothers' time with children in Japan. Using data from the 2011 National Survey of Households with Children (N = 1,926), they first demonstrate that time spent with children and the frequency of shared dinners are significantly lower for single mothers than for their married counterparts. For single mothers living alone, less time with children reflects long work hours and work-related stress. Single mothers coresiding with parents spend less time with children and eat dinner together less frequently than either married mothers or their unmarried counterparts not living with parents, net of (grand)parental support, work hours, income, and stress. The findings suggest that rising divorce rates and associated growth in single-mother families may have a detrimental impact on parents' time with children in Japan and that the relatively high prevalence of intergenerational coresidence among single mothers may do little to temper this impact.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)843-861
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Marriage and Family
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2014
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anthropology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


  • Coresidence
  • Family interaction
  • Japan
  • Living arrangements
  • Nonmarital parenting
  • Single-parent families


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