We report the development of a simple and sensitive twobeam hybrid femtosecond/picosecond pure rotational coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (fs/ps CARS) method to simultaneously measure the rotational and vibrational temperatures of diatomic molecules. Rotation-vibration nonequilibrium plays a key role in the chemistry and thermalization in low-temperature plasmas aswell as thermal loading of hypersonic vehicles. This approach uses time-domain interferences between ground state and vibrationally excited N2 molecules to intentionally induce coherence beating that leads to apparent non-Boltzmann distributions in the pure rotational spectra. These distortions enable simultaneous inference of both the rotational and vibrational temperatures. Coherence beating effects were observed in single-shot fs/psCARSmeasurements of a 75TorrN2 DCglowdischarge andwere successfully modeled for rotational and vibrational temperature extraction. We show that this method can be more sensitive than a pure rotational fs/ps CARS approach using a spectrally narrow probe pulse. Lastly, we experimentally measured the beat frequencies via Fourier transform of the time-domain response and obtained excellent agreement with the model.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics