Simulations of a high-density, highly-radiating lithium divertor

T. D. Rognlien, M. E. Rensink, E. Emdee, Robert James Goldston, J. Schwartz, D. P. Stotler

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11 Scopus citations


Results are presented for one- and two-dimensional (2D) edge plasma transport simulations for strong injection of lithium (Li) in the divertor region of a tokamak. The model includes the scrape-off layer and divertor regions, and, for 2D, a small region inside the magnetic separtrix. Equations are solved for the density and momentum of a deuterium/tritium (DT) species and all three charge states of Li, in addition to separate ion and electron energy equations via the UEDGE code. Equations are also included for the DT and Li gas species. Lithium gas is injected from the side walls or divertor plate, implying that these surfaces are evaporating liquid Li. For a range of Li gas input, steady-state, detached-plasma solutions are shown where greater than 90% of the exhaust power is radiated by Li, resulting in peak surface heat fluxes ∼ 2 MW/m 2 on the divertor plate, outer wall, and private-flux wall. While Li ions dominate in the divertor leg, their density is in the range of 10% of the DT density at the midplane. The collisional parallel thermal force plays a key role in determining the midplane ion Li density, and sensitivity of results to different model assumptions are discussed. Here the key issue is possible dilution of the core DT fuel. A brief comparison of the Li neutral solution is made with that from the Direct Simulation Monte-Carlo (DSMC) SPARTA code.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)233-238
Number of pages6
JournalNuclear Materials and Energy
StatePublished - Jan 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering


  • Divertor modeling
  • FNSF
  • Lithium
  • Plasma detachment


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