Simple models for reading neuronal population codes

Hyunjune Sebastian Seung, H. Sompolinsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

413 Scopus citations

Abstract

In many neural systems, sensory information is distributed throughout a population of neurons. We study simple neural network models for extracting this information. The inputs to the networks are the stochastic responses of a population of sensory neurons tuned to directional stimuli. The performance of each network model in psychophysical tasks is compared with that of the optimal maximum likelihood procedure. As a model of direction estimation in two dimensions, we consider a linear network that computes a population vector. Its performance depends on the width of the population tuning curves and is maximal for width, which increases with the level of background activity. Although for narrowly tuned neurons the performance of the population vector is significantly inferior to that of maximum likelihood estimation, the difference between the two is small when the tuning is broad. For direction discrimination, we consider two models: a perceptron with fully adaptive weights and a network made by adding an adaptive second layer to the population vector network. We calculate the error rates of these networks after exhaustive training to a particular direction. By testing on the full range of possible directions, the extent of transfer of training to novel stimuli can be calculated. It is found that for threshold linear networks the transfer of perceptual learning is nonmonotonic. Although performance deteriorates away from the training stimulus, it peaks again at an intermediate angle. This nonmonotonicity provides an important psychophysical test of these models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10749-10753
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume90
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - 1993

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

Keywords

  • maximum likelihood
  • orientation
  • perceptual learning
  • population vector
  • tuning curves

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