Short Blocklength Process Monitoring and Scheduling: Resolution and Data Freshness

Stefan Roth, Ahmed Arafa, Aydin Sezgin, H. Vincent Poor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


In cyber-physical systems (CPSs) and internet-of-things applications, various sensor-actuator pairs are deployed for control purposes which require timely online communication. The sensors are measuring information about the CPS, e.g., process systems, whereas the actuators are using the information to take control actions. These sensor-actuator pairs usually communicate via the same wireless medium and thus their transmissions need to be scheduled in time. When transmitting the process data, a short blocklength source-channel coding approach is employed to reduce data errors. We investigate the influence of the decision policy consisting of communication parameters and scheduling design on data freshness and accuracy of process monitoring systems. An age-of-information (AoI) metric is used to assess data timeliness, while the mean square error (MSE) is used to assess the precision of the predicted process values. We characterize the AoI and MSE with closed-form expressions for the blocklengths and accuracy levels, for special types of scheduling strategies, namely, round-robin and maximum-age scheduling. We optimize the coding strategies by showing an achievability region of AoI and MSE. Other priority-based scheduling policies are also investigated. It is shown that the maximum-age policy provides excellent results in terms of AoI, while priority-based scheduling performs better in terms of MSE.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4669-4681
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 2022
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


  • Short blocklength
  • age-of-information (AoI)
  • process monitoring
  • scheduling


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