Shock Compression of Fluorapatite to 120 GPa

M. J. Rucks, J. M. Winey, Y. Toyoda, Y. M. Gupta, T. S. Duffy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Apatite is a phosphate mineral relevant to shock metamorphism in planetary materials. Here, we report on the response of natural fluorapatite from Durango, Mexico, under shock wave loading between 14.5 and 119.5 GPa. Wave profile measurements were obtained in plate-impact experiments conducted on [0001]-oriented fluorapatite single crystals. To 30 GPa peak stresses, we observed a two-wave structure indicating an elastic-inelastic response with elastic wave amplitudes of 10.5–13.1 GPa. Between 39.1 and 62.1 GPa, a complex wave structure was observed involving the propagation of three waves. At and above 73.7 GPa, only a single shock wave was observed. The data above 73.7 GPa provided the following linear shock velocity—particle velocity relationship: Us = 6.5(2) + 0.78(6) up, (mm/μs). Above 80 GPa, the densities in the shocked state exceed both the extrapolated 300-K density of fluorapatite and the predicted 300-K density for a mixture of the high-pressure assemblage, tuite, and CaF2. This result indicates that fluorapatite undergoes a transition to a denser structure under shock loading at these conditions. The shock response of fluorapatite is observed to be similar to that of enstatite but stiffer than quartz and albite at the stresses examined in this work.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere2022JE007642
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Planets
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science


  • apatite
  • dynamic compression


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