Seven transformative crises from European revolution to corona: Globalization and state capacity

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Abstract

The article considers crises of globalization: the 1840s, the 1870s, the Great War, the Great Depression, the Great Inflation (1970s), the Global Financial Crisis (2008) and the Great Lockdown (2020). Each led to a reshaping of the institutions that supervised or regulated economic development globally but also nationally. In each case, a series of questions are answered: what were the origins of the crisis, what were the monetary and fiscal policy responses, how did the crisis affect the drivers of globalization, trade, migration and capital flows? And how did these different challenges affect governance and views of politics? The article concludes that supply shocks are most easily dealt with by inflationary mechanisms, allowing groups to gain some apparent compensation for their losses through the supply shock. But the resulting mobilization into groups also strains social cohesion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)139-159
Number of pages21
JournalFinancial History Review
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • History
  • Finance

Keywords

  • capital movement
  • financial crises
  • globalization
  • migration
  • pandemic
  • protectionism
  • state capacity
  • trade

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