Setting the H-mode pedestal structure: Variations of particle source location using gas puff and pellet fueling

A. O. Nelson, F. M. Laggner, R. Groebner, B. A. Grierson, O. Izacard, D. Eldon, M. W. Shafer, A. Leonard, D. Shiraki, A. C. Sontag, E. Kolemen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Experiments in DIII-D show that a particle source location inside the top of the H-mode pedestal (pellets) maintains a higher pedestal pressure than an edge source (gas fueling) through a widening of the electron temperature pedestal with reduction of the temperature gradient. The effect of these two fueling schemes on the H-mode pedestal structure was examined in DIII-D by comparing controlled pellet-fueled and gas-fueled discharges across a fueling scan up to 40 torr l s-1. High resolution electron profiles reveal that gas fueling lowers the pedestal pressure as the density profile shifts radially outwards and the separatrix density increases, while pellet fueling maintains a constant pedestal pressure. The neutral source locations from pellets and gas are determined with the PELLET and UEDGE codes, respectively, and quantify the particle source localization. Pellets provide significant ionization inside the pedestal top while gas puffing localizes ionization in the scrape-off-layer and pedestal foot, broadly consistent with the density profile structure influenced by the source. ELMs are observed to increase in frequency and reduce impurity content as fueling is increased. Stability analysis with ELITE shows that both conditions are near the type-I ELM corner of the peeling-ballooning stability diagram, which is altered significantly by the introduction of pellets. Since transport mechanisms are not observed to change substantially with particle source location, wider pedestals allow the pellet-fueled discharges to retain higher pedestal temperatures at similar pedestal densities. EPED1 is tested to capture the pedestal pressure, under-predicting the height with pellets and over-predicting the height with gas by ∼15%. These results have important implications for future reactors where pellet fueling will be the primary particle source due to an opaque scrape-off-layer by showing that the neutral source location plays a role in setting the structure of the H-mode pedestal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number046003
JournalNuclear Fusion
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics


  • Gas puff
  • Pedestal
  • Pellet
  • Plasma
  • Tokamak


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