Sequential replay of nonspatial task states in the human hippocampus

Nicolas W. Schuck, Yael Niv

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

128 Scopus citations


Sequential neural activity patterns related to spatial experiences are "replayed" in the hippocampus of rodents during rest. We investigated whether replay of nonspatial sequences can be detected noninvasively in the human hippocampus. Participants underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) while resting after performing a decision-making task with sequential structure. Hippocampal fMRI patterns recorded at rest reflected sequentiality of previously experienced task states, with consecutive patterns corresponding to nearby states. Hippocampal sequentiality correlated with the fidelity of task representations recorded in the orbitofrontal cortex during decisionmaking, which were themselves related to better task performance. Our findings suggest that hippocampal replay may be important for building representations of complex, abstract tasks elsewhere in the brain and establish feasibility of investigating fast replay signals with fMRI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbereaaw5181
Issue number6447
StatePublished - Jun 28 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


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