The sequence dependence of Drosophila topoisomerase II supercoil relaxation and binding activities has been examined. The DNA substrates used in binding experiments were two fragments from Drosophila heat shock locus 87A7. One of these DNA fragments includes the coding region for the heat shock protein hsp70, and the other includes the intergenic non-coding region that separates two divergently transcribed copies of the hsp70 gene at the locus. The intergenic region was previously shown to have a much higher density of topoisomerase cleavage sites than the hsp70 coding region. Competition nitrocellulose filter binding assays demonstrate a preferential binding of the intergene fragment, and that binding specificity increases with increasing ionic strength. Dissociation kinetics indicate a greater kinetic stability of topoisomerase II complexes with the intergene DNA fragment. To study topoisomerase II relaxation activity, we used supercoiled plasmids that contained the same fragments from locus 87A7 cloned as inserts. The relative relaxation rates of the two plasmids were determined under several conditions of ionic strength, and when the plasmid substrates were included in separate reactions or when they were mixed in a single reaction. The relaxation properties of these two plasmids can be explained by a coincidence of high-affinity binding sites, strong cleavage sites, and sites used during the catalysis of strand passage events by topoisomerase II. Sequence dependence of topoisomerase II catalytic activity may therefore parallel the sequence dependence of DNA cleavage by this enzyme.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Structural Biology
- Molecular Biology