Sensor Deployment and Link Analysis in Satellite IoT Systems for Wildfire Detection

How Hang Liu, Ronald Y. Chang, Yi Ying Chen, I. Kang Fu, H. Vincent Poor

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Climate change has been identified as one of the most critical threats to human civilization and sustainability. Wildfires, which produce huge amounts of carbon emission, are both drivers and results of climate change. An early and timely wildfire detection system can constrain fires to short and small ones and yield significant carbon reduction. In this paper, we propose to use ground sensor deployment and satellite Internet of Things (loT) technologies for wildfire detection by taking advantage of satellites' ubiquitous global coverage. We first develop an optimal loT sensor placement strategy based on fire ignition and detection models. Then, we analyze the uplink satellite communication budget and the bandwidth required for wildfire detection under the narrowband loT (NB-IoT) radio interface. Finally, we conduct simulations on the California wildfire database and quantify the potential economical benefits by factoring in carbon emission reductions and sensorlbandwidth costs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5631-5636
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings - IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM
StatePublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes
Event2022 IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM 2022 - Virtual, Online, Brazil
Duration: Dec 4 2022Dec 8 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Signal Processing


  • Internet of Things (loT)
  • non-terrestrial network (NTN)
  • satellite communication
  • wildfire detection


Dive into the research topics of 'Sensor Deployment and Link Analysis in Satellite IoT Systems for Wildfire Detection'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this