Self-assembled monolayer enables hole transport layer-free organic solar cells with 18% efficiency and improved operational stability

Yuanbao Lin, Yuliar Firdaus, Furkan H. Isikgor, Mohamad Insan Nugraha, Emre Yengel, George T. Harrison, Rawad Hallani, Abdulrahman El-Labban, Hendrik Faber, Chun Ma, Xiaopeng Zheng, Anand Subbiah, Calvyn T. Howells, Osman M. Bakr, Iain McCulloch, Stefaan De Wolf, Leonidas Tsetseris, Thomas D. Anthopoulos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

462 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report on bulk-heterojunction (BHJ) organic photovoltaics (OPVs) based on the self-assembled monolayer (SAM) 2PACz as a hole-selective interlayer functionalized directly onto the indium tin oxide (ITO) anode. The 2PACz is found to change the work function of ITO while simultaneously affecting the morphology of the BHJ deposited atop. Cells with PM6:N3 BHJ and ITO-2PACz anode exhibit a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 16.6%, which is greater than that measured for bare ITO (6.45%) and ITO/PEDOT:PSS (15.94%) based devices. The enhanced performance is attributed to lower contact-resistance, reduced bimolecular recombination losses, and improved charge transport within the BHJ. Importantly, the ITO-2PACz-based OPVs show dramatically improved operational stability when compared with PEDOT:PSS-based cells. When the ITO-2PACz anode is combined with the ternary PM6:BTP-eC9:PC71BM BHJ, the resulting cells exhibit a maximum PCE of 18.03%, highlighting the potential of engineered SAMs for use in hole-selective contacts in high-performance OPVs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2935-2944
Number of pages10
JournalACS Energy Letters
Volume5
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 11 2020
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Materials Chemistry

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