Selectivity for multiple stimulus features in retinal ganglion cells

Adrienne L. Fairhall, C. Andrew Burlingame, Ramesh Narasimhan, Robert A. Harris, Jason L. Puchalla, Michael J. Berry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

117 Scopus citations


Under normal viewing conditions, retinal ganglion cells transmit to the brain an encoded version of the visual world. The retina parcels the visual scene into an array of spatiotemporal features, and each ganglion cell conveys information about a small set of these features. We study the temporal features represented by salamander retinal ganglion cells by stimulating with dynamic spatially uniform flicker and recording responses using a multi-electrode array. While standard reverse correlation methods determine a single stimulus feature - the spike-triggered average - multiple features can be relevant to spike generation. We apply covariance analysis to determine the set of features to which each ganglion cell is sensitive. Using this approach, we found that salamander ganglion cells represent a rich vocabulary of different features of a temporally modulated visual stimulus. Individual ganglion cells were sensitive to at least two and sometimes as many as six features in the stimulus. While a fraction of the cells can be described by a filter-and-fire cascade model, many cells have feature selectivity that has not previously been reported. These reverse models were able to account for 80-100% of the information encoded by ganglion cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2724-2738
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of neurophysiology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Neuroscience
  • Physiology


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