Segmented pathways of educational mobility: English language schools, working holidays, and divergent prospects among South Korea's global youth

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Abstract

Using participant-observation and 58 in-depth participant interviews, this study examines South Korean youth who undertake overseas English language acquisition across the Philippines, United States, New Zealand, and Australia. This research introduces a concept I call ‘segmented pathways of educational mobility’, which describes the multi-dimensional and complex levels of stratification within regional educational mobility flows that reinforce existing class inequalities for many migrants. However, segmented pathways also reveal that while resource-constrained youth understand that their migration choices are more limited, they seek to accrue alternative cultural resources across varied destinations to gain the experiences and credentials necessary to advance in the South Korean labour market. Despite increased opportunities for English study abroad via market liberalization, this research contends that it also produces more levels of stratification within and among youth migrants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)40-63
Number of pages24
JournalGlobal Networks
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Social Sciences

Keywords

  • EDUCATIONAL MIGRATION
  • ENGLISH LANGUAGE ACQUISITION
  • MULTINATIONAL MIGRATION
  • STEPWISE MIGRATION
  • WORKING HOLIDAY
  • YOUTH

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