Secure and Energy-Efficient Beamforming for Simultaneous Information and Energy Transfer

Ali Arshad Nasir, Hoang Duong Tuan, Trung Q. Duong, H. Vincent Poor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations


Some next-generation wireless networks will likely involve the energy-efficient transfer of information and energy over the same wireless channel. Moreover, densification of such networks will make the physical layer more vulnerable to cyber attacks by potential multi-antenna eavesdroppers. To address these issues, this paper considers transmit time-switching (TS) mode, in which energy and information signals are transmitted separately in time by the base station (BS). This protocol is not only easy to implement but also delivers the opportunity for multi-purpose beamforming, in which energy beamformers can be used to jam eavesdroppers during wireless power transfer. In the presence of imperfect channel estimation and multi-antenna eavesdroppers, the energy and information beamformers and the transmit TS ratio are jointly optimized to maximize the worst-case user secrecy rate subject to energy constrained users' harvested energy thresholds and a BS transmit power budget. New robust path-following algorithms, which involve one simple convex quadratic program at each iteration are proposed for computational solutions of this difficult optimization problem and also the problem of secure energy efficiency maximization. The latter adds further complexity due to additional optimization variables appearing in the denominator of the secrecy rate function. Numerical results confirm that the performance of the proposed computational solutions is robust against channel uncertainties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8032503
Pages (from-to)7523-7537
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


  • Secrecy rate
  • beamforming
  • nonconvex programming
  • secrecy energy efficiency
  • time switching
  • wireless power transfer


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