Schizosaccharomyces pombe pfh1+ encodes an essential 5′ to 3′ DNA helicase that is a member of the PIF1 subfamily of DNA helicases

Jin Qiu Zhou, Haiyan Qi, Vincent P. Schulz, Maria K. Mateyak, Ellen K. Monson, Virginia A. Zakian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations


The Saccharomyces cerevisiae Pif1p DNA helicase is the prototype member of a helicase subfamily conserved from yeast to humans. S. cerevisiae has two PIF1-like genes, PIF1 itself and RRM3, that have roles in maintenance of telomeric, ribosomal, and mitochondrial DNA. Here we describe the isolation and characterization of pfh1+, a Schizosaccharomyces pombe gene that encodes a Pif1-like protein. Pfh1p was the only S. pombe protein with high identity to Saccharomyces Pif1p. Unlike the two S. cerevisiae Pif1 subfamily proteins, the S. pombe Pfh1p was essential. Like Saccharomyces Pif1p, a truncated form of the S. pombe protein had 5′ to 3′ DNA helicase activity. Point mutations in an invariant lysine residue in the ATP binding pocket of Pfh1p had the same phenotype as deleting pfh1+, demonstrating that the ATPase/helicase activity of Pfh1p was essential. Although mutant spores depleted for Pfh1p proceeded through S phase, they arrested with a terminal cellular phenotype consistent with a postinitiation defect in DNA replication. Telomeric DNA was modestly shortened in the absence of Pfh1p. However, genetic analysis demonstrated that maintenance of telomeric DNA was not the sole essential function of S. pombe Pfh1p.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2180-2191
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular biology of the cell
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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