Scaling, soil moisture and evapotranspiration in runoff models

Eric F. Wood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effects of small-scale heterogeneity in land surface characteristics on the large-scale fluxes of water and energy in the land-atmosphere system has become a central focus of many of the climatology research experiments. The acquisition of high resolution land surface data through remote sensing and intensive land-climatology field experiments (like HAPEX and FIFE) has provided data to investigate the interactions between microscale land-atmosphere interactions and macroscale models. One essential research question is how to account for the small scale heterogeneities and whether 'effective' parameters can be used in the macroscale models. To address this question of scaling, the probability distribution for evaporation is derived which illustrates the conditions for which scaling should work. A correction algorithm that may be appropriate for the land parametrization of a GCM is derived using a second order linearization scheme. The performance of the algorithm is evaluated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-34
Number of pages10
JournalAdvances in Water Resources
Volume17
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1994

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Water Science and Technology

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