### Abstract

It is a well-known fact that mathematical functions that are timelimited (or spacelimited) cannot be simultaneously bandlimited (in frequency). Yet the finite precision of measurement and computation unavoidably bandlimits our observation and modeling scientific data, and we often only have access to, or are only interested in, a study area that is temporally or spatially bounded. In the geosciences we may be interested in spectrally modeling a time series defined only on a certain interval, or we may want to characterize a specific geographical area observed using an effectively bandlimited measurement device. It is clear that analyzing and representing scientific data of this kind will be facilitated if a basis of functions can be found that are "spatiospectrally" concentrated, i.e., "localized" in both domains at the same time. Here, we give a theoretical overview of one particular approach to this "concentration" problem, as originally proposed for time series by Slepian and coworkers, in the 1960s.We show how this framework leads to practical algorithms and statistically performant methods for the analysis of signals and their power spectra in one and two dimensions and particularly for applications in the geosciences and for scalar and vectorial signals defined on the surface of a unit sphere.

Original language | English (US) |
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Title of host publication | Handbook of Geomathematics |

Subtitle of host publication | Second Edition |

Publisher | Springer Berlin Heidelberg |

Pages | 2563-2608 |

Number of pages | 46 |

ISBN (Electronic) | 9783642545511 |

ISBN (Print) | 9783642545504 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Sep 15 2015 |

### All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- Mathematics(all)
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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## Cite this

*Handbook of Geomathematics: Second Edition*(pp. 2563-2608). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-54551-1_30