Scalable solution processing of amorphous and crystalline chalcogenide films

Nikita S. Dutta, Craig B. Arnold

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Chalcogenide materials have attracted interest for diverse device applications, including thermoelectrics, phase-change memory and optoelectronics, and even solid-state batteries. Part of their appeal is solution processability, which offers a potentially inexpensive, scalable route to thin film fabrication. A number of solution-based methods have been explored with crystalline metal chalcogenides, but combining industrially practical solvents with high-throughput film deposition remains challenging. Similar issues are faced with amorphous chalcogenides, where decades of work has focused on the role of dissolution chemistry in processing high-quality films. Here, we outline recent progress in understanding dissolution and film formation in both systems. By combining wisdom from crystalline and amorphous chalcogenides, we aim to highlight fundamentals underlying scalable solution processing and map areas for future study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)535-546
Number of pages12
JournalTrends in Chemistry
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry


  • chalcogenides
  • dissolution chemistry
  • solution processing
  • thin film fabrication


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