Roles of retailers in the peer-to-peer electricity market: A single retailer perspective

Wayes Tushar, Chau Yuen, Tapan Saha, Deb Chattopadhyay, Sohrab Nizami, Sarmad Hanif, Jan E. Alam, H. Vincent Poor

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Despite extensive research in the past five years and several successfully completed and on-going pilot projects, regulators are still reluctant to implement peer-to-peer trading at a large scale in today's electricity market. The reason could partly be attributed to the perceived disadvantage of current market participants such as retailers due to their exclusion from market participation—a fundamental property of decentralized peer-to-peer trading. As a consequence, recently, there has been growing pressure from energy service providers in favor of retailers' participation in peer-to-peer trading. However, the role of retailers in the peer-to-peer market is yet to be established, as no existing study has challenged this fundamental circumspection of decentralized trading. In this context, this perspective takes the first step to discuss the feasibility of retailers' involvement in the peer-to-peer market. In doing so, we identify key characteristics of retail-based and peer-to-peer electricity markets and discuss our viewpoint on how to incorporate a single retailer in a peer-to-peer market without compromising the fundamental decision-making characteristics of both markets. Finally, we give an example of a hypothetical business model to demonstrate how a retailer can be a part of a peer-to-peer market with a promise of collective benefits for the participants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number103278
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 19 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


  • Energy flexibility
  • Energy management
  • Energy policy
  • Energy resources
  • Energy systems


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