Role of etch products in polysilicon etching in a high-density chlorine discharge

C. Lee, D. B. Graves, M. A. Lieberman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

140 Scopus citations

Abstract

For low-pressure, high-density plasma systems, etch products can play a significant role in affecting plasma parameters such as species concentration and electron temperature. The residence time of etch products in the chamber can be long, hence depleting the concentration of the reactants, and leading to a decrease in etch rate. We use a spatially averaged global model including both gas phase and surface chemistry to study Cl2 etching of polysilicon. Etch products leaving the wafer surface are assumed to be SiCl2 and SiCl4. These species can be fragmented and ionized by collisions with energetic electrons, generating neutral and charged SiClx products (x = 0-4). Two limiting cases of the etch mechanism are found: an ion flux-limited regime and a neutral reactant-limited regime. The high degree of dissociation in high-density plasmas leads to the formation of elemental silicon, which can deposit on the chamber walls and wafer surface. We include surface models for both the wall and the wafer to better understand the role of etch products as a function of flowrate, pressure, and input power. A phenomenological model for the surface chemistry is based on available experimental data. We consider the two limiting conditions of nonreactive and reactive walls. These models are perfectly reflective walls, where all silicon-containing species are reflected; and reactive walls, which act as reactive sites for the formation of SiCl2 and SiCl4 etch products. The two limiting conditions give significantly different results. A decrease in the absolute atomic silicon density and a weaker dependence of etch rate on flowrate are observed for the reactive wall.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)99-120
Number of pages22
JournalPlasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Keywords

  • Etch products
  • Ion-flux limited
  • Neutral-limited
  • Nonreactive wall
  • Reactive wall

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