Rock-salt structure lithium deuteride formation in liquid lithium with high-concentrations of deuterium: A first-principles molecular dynamics study

Mohan Chen, T. Abrams, M. A. Jaworski, Emily A. Carter

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12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Because of lithiums possible use as a first wall material in a fusion reactor, a fundamental understanding of the interactions between liquid lithium (Li) and deuterium (D) is important. We predict structural and dynamical properties of liquid Li samples with high concentrations of D, as derived from first-principles molecular dynamics simulations. Liquid Li samples with four concentrations of inserted D atoms (LiDβ, β= 0.25, 0.50, 0.75, and 1.00) are studied at temperatures ranging from 470 to 1143 K. Densities, diffusivities, pair distribution functions, bond angle distribution functions, geometries, and charge transfer between Li and D atoms are calculated and analyzed. The analysis suggests liquidsolid phase transitions can occur at some concentrations and temperatures, forming rock-salt LiD within liquid Li. We also observe formation of some D2 molecules at high D concentrations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number016020
JournalNuclear Fusion
Volume56
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 17 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Keywords

  • density funtional theory
  • diffusivity
  • liquid lithium
  • lithium deuteride
  • molecular dynamics
  • nucleation
  • phase transition

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